Why is it important to understand penal substitutionary atonement?

MACARTHUR: If you don’t understand the doctrine of penal substitution, you don’t know why Christ died, and you would assume that if you’re Christian you would want to know why Christ died. If you took one verse, 2 Corinthians 5:21, Paul says, “You’re ambassadors,” right? In 18 to 21.

So, you know, we go into the world, we beg people to be reconciled to God. He’s given us the Word of reconciliation, right? That’s the message we preach, “You can be reconciled to God.” We have the ministry of reconciliation. We have the message of reconciliation. But how is that possible?

How is it possible for a sinner to be reconciled to a holy God? That is the most legitimate question that a sinner could ever ask. Ok, you’re telling me God’s holy, that God is righteous. that God is perfect.

How is it possible for me to be reconciled to a holy God without Him not tarnishing His holiness? Or to put it in the language of Paul, “How can God be just and the justifier of sinners?” That is the absolute apex question of all religion.

The primary question that religion attempts to answer is, “How can I go from being God’s enemy to being His friend? How can I make peace with God?” whatever god that religion espouses. So, all religion is designed to somehow come to terms with the deity.

In Christianity, the question is built around holiness and justice and righteousness. So, how can God forgive me and still be holy? And, the only thing that answers that question is penal substitution because penal substitution says God is so holy every sin will be punished.

Every single sin in the life of every Christian believer through all of human history will be punished, was punished. All sin must be punished. Either the sinner will bear that punishment eternally or Christ took that punishment on the cross.

The only thing that protects the pure, righteous holiness of God is that sin is punished. That’s penal substitution. If you remove that part of the cross, then how does God reconcile His holiness with just wishing sin away without a punishment? There has to be a punishment for God to maintain His justice.

That punishment falls on His Son. BINGHAM: I can remember before I became a Christian but had heard the gospel a number of times, sitting down with the woman that’s actually now my wife and asking her, “Explain to me John 3:16. Why did God have to send His Son?

Why did Jesus have to die? Why didn’t God bake brownies to save the world?” Like, “What’s was this whole ‘dying on the cross’ thing?” At that time, she couldn’t answer the question, and it was actually hard. We had to go into church and try and get information.

“Explain to me penal substitution,” because all the gospel presentations I’d heard was missing that phase. MACARTHUR: You see that is “the question.” That is not some kind of optional issue, penal substitution. You’ve got a massive problem if God just says, “Hey, you’re forgiven.”

Now, the character of God is called into question as to His integrity, His holiness, His virtue, His righteousness, His perfection. And so, God is so pure and holy that He will punish every single sin ever committed by every person either in that person or in the substitute for that person.

That is the purest heart of Christianity and soteriology.

#important #understand #penal #substitutionary #atonement

Let’s Learn about Jesus Christ; His humanity and His Divinity

Hello family this is pasta gideon if you are interested in the word of god you’re in the right place welcome to kfg know feed and grow on the world today we are going to do a little study on christ geologically it is known as christology is specifically the study of all things

Dealing with whom the person of christ is his divinity or godhood his humanity which has got a lot to do with his incarnation then his exaltation which has got to do with this resurrection and entrance some will include the works of christ which is also known as soteriology in theology

For the purpose of this discourse we shall only focus on his divinity and a bit of his exhortation also i have a video on trinity dealing with modalism so i will link it up up there or in the description or even at the end of the video so that if you want

To have a look at it you can go and look at it today’s focus is the divinity of the lord jesus but let me give you a summary of trinity trinity says there is one god and that one god exists eternally in three persons the father the son and the spirit

And each of the persons is god so the father is god the son is god and the spirit is god and together these three persons make up one god in perfect unity so in the christian concept of god jesus is god from eternity so someone asked me a question he said

If jesus is god and the same as the father why does the bible say that he is going to be exalted and everything is going to be put under his feet at the end of everything now let’s answer it the mistake in the question is that this person is thinking jesus is the

Same person as the father no jesus is not the father the father is not the spirit and the spirit is not the son these are three places that exist in their godhead each of them is fully god and yet they are one god in nature this is where man’s limitation in

Perceiving the concept of what comes in but that is why it is god it is a mystery to man man cannot oversimplify it or fully comprehend it now for more you can check the message on trinity that i’ve talked at the end of this video now to the divinity of jesus christ

Let’s look at the various names and tense and titles that is used to refer to the second person of the trinity the first one is christ now from an historic perspective christ is the term used specifically for the second person of the trinity when he became man and fulfilled the prophetic position of

The messiah in other words he was not a christ before incarnation christ is the transliteration from greek crystals to english christ after christ another name that is given to the second person of the trinity is the son of god it also refers to the specific time in

History when the second person of the trinity took on humanity both christ and the son of god refer to the same person in humanity and now continues on into eternity future because because it has now become parts of the natures of jesus christ if you got this you understand that the second

Person of the trinity was not always referred to as the christ or the son of god it was the incarnation that made it so when we say incarnation christianity it means that the second person of the trinity which is the word of god assumes human form in the person

Of jesus christ and he is fully divine and fully human now this is what you see in john chapter 1 1-3 when the bible says in the beginning was the word and the word was with god and the word was god it’s referring to the word of god that took on human nature

And became a man the bible said the same was in the beginning with god all things were made by him and without him was not anything made that was made and the word was made flesh and dwelt among us and we beheld his glory the glory as of the only begotten of the

Father full of grace and truth now the only term that specifically refers to christ in eternity past is the word of god the word of god is the person that is also referred to as the second person of the godhead that is the attempt that applies from

Eternity it wasn’t given when he came to the earth in heaven he was known as the word of god in history there’s been a lot of debates regarding the matter of the son of god and even today that is the reason why we are doing this

Video there is a lot of contention about who jesus christ is in this discourse we will use the terms interchangeably the son of god christ jesus christ the word of god it refers to the same person now these contentions have gone on and on and on in three hundred and eighteen

Eighty there was an elder in alexandria called ariels he thought that christ was created by the father and thus he is human rather than god this was rejected by atanasius um and in three to five india the council of nicearianism was rejected but there’s been a lot of debates regarding

Jesus christ the passing hood of jesus christ the nature of jesus christ in church history and this led to a number of heresies some of the heresies or heretical views that came up concerning jesus christ were even named after the people that propounded them the first one is tritaism when you

Preach tritaism you are preaching trigons that is a heresy the next heresy is modalism or civilianism named after sibelius 217-220 a.d it says god is only one person who appears in different moves or rules this is what dr damina is preaching today if you don’t learn from history

You end up in the same churches as others fail now arianism we’ve talked about it arianism denies that jesus is fully god and he said that he has a created status and he’s below god then we have the citizen he says christ was fully god but only appeared to be human

So he was god he only appeared to be human wasn’t really human then we have nestorianism he said that they are not just two natures for christ but two persons then we have sabor the nationalism which is being preached by pastor ober subordinationism says that christ was essential in essence

Less than the father but not just functionally so he’s both essentially and functionally less than the father then we have monokianism he says jesus was only a power or influence from god then we have adoptionism adoptionism says jesus was a man who was adopted by god because of his powers

This is the final orthodox doctrinal position this is what is widely established from the word of god christ was hundred percent god while being hundred percent man he had all of his divine abilities but subjected them in human submission to their god head he had two natures and two wheels but

One person without confusion or full melding the divine nature and the human nature were not being confused or mingled together in a confused way now let’s deal with the divinity of christ as referred to us in scripture now the first point i want you to know is that

Christ is eternal this is technically different from saying he’s everlasting everlasting means that once something is brought into being it will never cease to exist but it cannot mean that something has always existed and would always exist it has no beginning or end revelation 21 verse 13 it says i am the

Alpha and the omega the first and the last the beginning and the end have you seen it colossians 176 and is before all the things he has no eternal beginning and eternal ended and in him all things hold together john 1 1 in the beginning

Was the word and the word was with god and the word was god he was in the beginning with god so if there is such a thing like a beginning he was there with god the second thing about the godhood of christ is that christ was active in creation

Colossians 150 says he is the image of the invisible god the firstborn of all creation for by him all things were created in heaven and on earth visible and invisible whether truths or dominions or rulers or authorities all things were created through him and for him

And he is before all things and in him all things hold together then john 1 3 says all things were made through him and without him was not anything made that was made he was active in creation now this is where some are saying it was through him that the father made all

Things so basically he was the channel through which creation came but he didn’t create anything listen the greek word in john 1 3 is dia and by the tear definition it means through referring to a place with in during by and by the means of now dia in king james

English has been translated over 228 times us by and 86 times as through and 95 times as four think about it so it’s it’s been translated more as bi than three or four the other thing you should know is that the reason is being translated more as

By is because by and through are synonymous in their certain range of meanings and without going deep into the contextual use of the ways it may confus you may confuse them when you say bye it may have two basic meanings a personal thing that causes something to happen or that causes something and

By can also mean through as in a means by which a thing happens for example hebrews 13 verse 11 the bible says for the bodies of those beasts whose blood is brought into the sanctuary by the high priest for sin are banned without the camp by here

By the high priest means the hype is actually that that bringing to the sanctuary do you get it he actually literally carries the animal to the sanctuary but in other usage it can also mean through like john chapter 10 verse one very very i see unto you he got entered not by the

Door into the sheep food but climb it up some other way they same is a teeth and a rubber so deer here by the door is through the door so you see by can be translated as by means of all through and it can also be translated as something that causes a

Thing to happen do you get it so to think that dire being using john 1 3 and john 10 can only mean through is erroneous if anything it shows that the second person of the trinity which is the word of god was active in creation

Now in colossians the word used is n in colossians 1 15 16 17 and is translated as in by or waste the problem is that many read the english bible thinking and is there exact equivalent in english in in english so anywhere you see and it should be in

Ua because you don’t understand that every word has a range of meanings and moving from one language to the other doesn’t mean the words correspond accordingly it is not like that it is not like that if you arrange i am a boy in english and translate it with corresponding greek

Words i for i am you may not get a valid sentence i hope you know that in greek e and n can be bi and that can also be by the context is what matters you learn this in ammunitics moving from one language to the other is

Not simply a word for word affair so learn that if you think that there’s an english and a greek weight equivalent it is not exactly like that let’s continue the third thing about the divinity of christ is that he also exercised divine authority to heal men and cast out demons like no other

The fourth thing is that he forgives him something that is the present of god christ also had a divine authority over nature i was telling water and when he was walking on water and christ also claimed to be god he said he was god in isaiah 42 verse 8 the bible said god

Said that he will give his glory to no one else yet jesus prayed in john 17 5. and now father glorify me in your own presence with the glory that i have with you before the world existed in exodus 3 14 god declares himself as jehovah when he says i am who

I am but when you come to john 8 58 crisis before abraham truly truly i said to you before abraham was i am he uses the words of god from the old testament now this resulted in the people picking up stones to true him but jesus hid himself

And went out of the temple they were ready to stone jesus for heresies you know why they recognized that christ was claiming to be god when he said before abraham was i am john 10 30. he said i and the father and one the jews picked up stones again to stone him

Jesus answered them i have shown you many good words from my father for which of them are you going to stone me the jews answered him it is not for a good way that we are going to stone you but for blasphemy because you being a man making yourself god so they

Understood when jesus said i am my father one he was making himself god do you get it now eight christ was the embodiment of the entire godhead in colossians it is recorded clearly for us 9 scripture refers to god and christ are the same person 10 their disciples

The apostles they recognized him as god john chapter 20 verse 28 thomas answered my lord and my god the disciples called he says they are gods they knew his claims and his actions confirmed that he was god romans 8 5 to them belonged their preachers and from their race according

To the flesh is christ who is god over all blessed forever amen paul clearly knew that christ was god titus 2 11 for the grace of god has appeared bringing salvation for all people training us to renounce ungodliness and worldly passions and to live self-controlled upright and godly

Life in the present age look at 13 waiting for our blessed hope the appearing of the glory of our great god and savior jesus so jesus is the great god that is going to be appearing 14 who gave himself for us to redeem us from all lawlessness and to purify

Himself a people for his own possession who are zealous for good works so it is clear that christ is god the apostles knew they called him god he himself called himself and he claimed to be god and he did things like forgiveness and healing the sick and

Doing so many things that you cannot but think that this person is god why does he jesus christ being god still subordinate to the father equal and yet subordinates why is it like that it is because there is a divine order in the godhead divine order in the godhead

And it is led by the father so though all three persons of the godhead are of the same essence that is talking about their character and their quality in their interpersonal relationship the father is the head none of the persons is less than any in character or attribute but in roles and

Functions the father is heard and the son and the spirit placed subordinate rules to the father that is what you learn in their godhead as you study the scriptures if you say they are less than the father apart from their rules you are straining to one or more of the heresies we have

Mentioned earlier and it is contrary to scripture and if you should ask why should jesus be exalted at the end of everything and all his enemies kept under his feet and now he will be subject to the father it is because he took on actual human form and so was

Hundred percent goal and hundred percent man now this is not a gimmick it was real humility humbling oneself to be a man subject to all the freeties and weaknesses of men and yet was expected to obey god fully as the god man he had two natures

The god nature and the man nature and while on earth he was to humble himself to live as a man to fulfill all of the father’s dream which was leading to the saving of man now as a result he jesus christ was subject to things like bodily fatigue john chapter 4 verse

6 jesus christ was subject to their need for sleep matthew chapter 8 verse 24 jesus christ was subject to hunger he got angry jesus christ was subject to test john 19 28 jesus christ was subject to physical suffering and pain luke 22 44. jesus christ in his body life was

Capable of death first corinthians 15 yesterday now even had intellectual limitations jesus christ as a man was capable of increasing in knowledge luke chapter 2 verse 52 in his godhood which he had all together but subjected to his humanity so refused to put it into work he wouldn’t get angry wouldn’t get

Tested wouldn’t suffer he wouldn’t be able to die but as a man which is one of his nature now which is a part of him he could go through all of these weaknesses and phrases that all of us go through he was even capable of obtaining knowledge by observation

Mark chapter 11 verse 30 he looked and observed the tree now jesus christ was even capable of being restricted in knowledge mark chapter 13 verse 22 in fact he had more limitations living as a man not as god he even had spiritual limitations he was dependent upon prayer for power

If he was living as a man he didn’t need to pray to have power christ was dependent for power upon the anointing of the spirit acts after 10 38. all these were not necessary if he was just to live in his divinity do you get it philippians chapter 2 6-11 says who

Being in the form of god taught it not robbery to be equal with god but made himself of no reputation abuse so he he in his godhood subjected his god to his human nature and took upon him the form of a server and was made in the likeness of men

And being found in fashion as a man he humbled himself and became obedient unto death even the dead of the cross if he was walking in his divinity he wouldn’t be able to die wherefore god also has highly exhausted him and giving him a name which is above every name so you

See this in working in human nature he was subject to all the things that we are subject to and he could have gone astray but he didn’t bible says he was tempted in all points like we are yet he did not sin therefore he has been exhorted because

He has been there one man who has pleased the father in everything wherefore god also has highly exalted him and giving a name which is above every name that at the name of jesus every knee shall bow of peace in heaven this in earth and things under the earth

Hallelujah and that every tongue should confess that jesus christ is lord to the glory of god the father hallelujah do you get it i hope this makes a lot of sense to you so today jesus is the god man so today jesus is the god man

Exalted as god alone he already was the exhorted one but as the god man taking the human nature identifying with man he’s exhausted by going through all the rudiments that men go

#Lets #Learn #Jesus #Christ #humanity #Divinity

Should Christians listen to secular music?

Thomas: You know, what is secular? Music is music. So if there’s secular music, there’s something called Christian music? Music is math, it’s notes, it’s sounds and silences and rhythm and beat. One isn’t secular, one is Christian, so I’m not quite sure what people mean when

They talk about secular music versus — if you mean modern contemporary, the top 15, 20 songs — I was at an event recently and somebody read out the top 20 songs of today, of this past few weeks, and I’ve never heard of any of them or the singers.

I was completely in the dark. But what do you mean by secular music? Music is music. So, if we have a — Mike, you’re the theologian here. If we have a doctrine of common grace — this is a Dutch thing. You would know all about this. Godfrey: Yeah.

I suspect there are several things hiding in this question. One would be that the question’s probably not just about music, but about words. So that that adds a significant dimension. Then you don’t just have sounds but you have meanings.

And, then I think also the whole question, “Are there styles of music that are, in one way or another, inimicable to Christian piety or practice. That’s a question for you. But, you know, some of us like opera.

I won’t, you know, get into who that might be, but those of us who might like opera would not think that we ought to have opera in the church service. So you can think of a kind of music that you enjoy that you would still say is inappropriate for the worshiping community.

Horton: Yeah, I think, when it comes to style, one of the big questions is, “Is this helping the Word of Christ dwell in us richly? And is the music what we’re thinking about or is the Word of Christ what we’re thinking about?”

And music can be very powerful, as Calvin realized over Zwingli, very powerful in a good way for instilling the Word of Christ. But when it comes to common grace, I agree with you, Derek. There is no Christian music or secular music.

Some of the Christian music out there is just as bad as some of the secular music out there, so we just have to have discretion whatever we’re listening to. Thomas: This is, you know, this is a sensitive question for me.

So, my first memory, you know, it’s one of my first memories, is as a two-year-old sitting on my grandfather’s knee — he died when I was five — sitting on my grandfather’s knee, listening to Pacini’s ‘Laboum,’ and it’s a vivid memory in my head, and

It instilled in me from that moment onwards, just a passionate love for classical music and opera. So he died and he left all of his records, and he had about 500 LPs, and he was very discerning, and he only bought the sort of best, and so he left them to me.

So the week before he died, I’m five years old, he brings me into his bedroom, he died at home, he died of cancer, he was ill for a year or so. And, he told me, “I’m leaving you” — because there were four children.

He could already discern — and my younger brother was three, my older brother was seven, no, nine, and my sister was seven — but he could already discern which of these four would take care of his records.

And, he decided it was me, and I actually didn’t inherit them until I was 15, and when I did, I loved them. I treasured them. I played them on an old gramophone record that you had to lift up the lid, you know,

And it was wider than the player, so you couldn’t put the lid down while it was still playing and there was one little, tiny mono speaker, but it was the state of the art. It was cutting edge, and this was in the ‘60s. And then — Godfrey: Did you have to crank it?

Thomas (Continued): No. We had electricity, but, just about. But I’m saved when I’m 18 and within probably a couple of months of being saved, I meet this guy. He came into my life for maybe six months and then disappeared, and I don’t know what

Happened to him, but he mentored me for six months and he told me I needed to get rid of all my records. So, the next day, I took them to the market, and sold them all for like five dollars. And, it’s probably one of the decisions I most regret in life.

Now, what he should have said to me was, “Put them away for six months to a year and then come back, and maybe they won’t occupy quite the place in your life that they did at that time.”

Because it was a question of priority, but for him, it was a question of this is secular and this is Christian, and you need to get rid of this secular part. So that — I think that’s why I respond fairly emotionally to it. Now, the words issue, I think I’m with you.

When I heard the top 15 or 20 songs that are playing right now, and I heard some of the lyrics, because it was an address to college students, and he was making a point about how every single lyric was about sex in some form or another.

I think I’m with you from what you said this morning about not going to the movies. So we don’t listen to modern music either. That’s you and me. Godfrey: And if we listen to — the first opera I went to I was an 8th grader.

I’d never been to the opera, I didn’t know anything about classical music particularly. And I went to the opera with my mother, my father didn’t want to go in San Francisco, and heard Tosca sung by Richard Tucker, who was the reigning tenor of his day, and I fell

In love with the opera that night as an 8th grader, because it was so glorious and beautiful. But — Response, Thomas: Of course, the lyrics aren’t any better, but they’re in German or Italian so — Godfrey (Continued): That’s the point I was going to make. Yeah, exactly. Yeah, yeah, yeah.

I saw a cartoon in the New Yorker recently that said, you know, all of these opera plots really need to be sent to a therapist, and there’s a lot to be said for that. Thomas: Like country music. Godfrey: Like country music.

Nichols: You know, we’re spending a lot of time on this question but I think it’s an important one. As I think about this question, I think it’s the broader — maybe behind it is the broader question of the Christian’s relationship to culture.

We think of music as a particular way maybe to get at our entertainment or what we hear or listen to. We’re not left without a guide. Certainly, as we think about what it means to be a Christian, how we live in the world, we have certainly biblical principles to guide us.

We think about Paul speaking of whatever is excellent, whatever has virtue. We should be thinking on these things. But here’s something I think is especially true of us as Americans. We tend to think about these kind of decisions in ethical categories only without thinking in terms of aesthetic categories.

So, we think of truth and goodness and justice. We tend to do that pretty well. We don’t always think of the beautiful and how we spend our leisure time honoring God, honoring the Creator of beauty, in terms of thinking about aesthetics.

Whether it’s what we listen to or read or watch, to think of those categories, and maybe that can help us as Christians, and we think about these things that we devote our time and our energy to, and our leisure time.

#Christians #listen #secular #music

Copenhagen vs Many Worlds Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics – Explained simply

This video is sponsored by Blinkist Until about 1900, all we had was classical mechanics. This is the mechanics of Isaac Newton   and James Clerk Maxwell. But after 1900, Max Planck ushered in an era of quantum mechanics.   And it explained the various anomalies in  classical mechanics, such as why electrons  

Do not radiate energy and fall into the nucleus,  as they should according to Maxwell’s equations. Since that time, Quantum mechanics has become  one the most proven and successful theories in   all of science. But, while equations  such as the Schrodinger equation are  

Superb at making predictions and explaining  behavior at quantum scales, when you start   asking the question. “what is actually going on,” this is where the controversy starts. Caltech physicist Sean Carroll says quantum  physicists are like people with iPhones.  

They know how to use it, and can do some great  things with it, but if you ask them what   goes on inside their iPhones, they have no  idea. Similarly, he says, physicists know   how to use the equations of quantum mechanics  to predict all kinds of things, but ask them  

How quantum mechanics actually works, and if they are honest, they will say they really don’t know. But this hasn’t stopped physicists  from speculating what the mechanism is.   These various speculations are known as  interpretations of quantum mechanics. The standard interpretation is called  the Copenhagen interpretation because  

If was devised in Copenhagen,  Denmark by mainly Niels Bohr   and Werner Heisenberg in the 1920s. This is the  interpretation taught to most students in college.   But even a majority of physicists do not agree  that this is the correct interpretation. In fact,   there is no single interpretation  that has a consensus agreement.

So what is the Copenhagen interpretation? What are   the best alternatives interpretations? Why do  we even need an interpretation to begin with?   Those are some great questions, which I  will attempt to answer…coming up right now. The primary challenge of understanding quantum  mechanics is that according to the equations,  

All particles exist in a state of superposition.  That is to say, that the properties of any quantum   particle such as its position, momentum, spin  etc. is not only unknown, but is unknowable   until it is measured. In fact, before it  is measured, the particle is said to be  

In many states at once. It is not here OR  there, it is here AND there at the same   time. It is not spin up OR spin down, it  is spin up AND spin down at the same time. This sounds crazy from our  classical mechanics perspective  

Because we never experience large objects being  in super position. When you hold a tennis ball,   you know exactly where it is and how fast it’s  moving. So, the quantum   mechanical behavior predicted by quantum mechanics does not seem to fit with our world view.

One of the biggest challenges of quantum mechanics is trying to explain this transition from what   is thought to be the behavior of objects at  quantum scales – superposition of multiple states   vs. their classical behavior upon measurement. The various interpretations of quantum mechanics   can be thought of as attempts  to explain this transition.

Most interpretations of quantum mechanics focus on the Schrodinger equation and the wavefunction   to explain quantum behavior. This equation  was developed by Irish-Austrian physicist   Erwin Schrodinger in 1926. It contains a wave  function, represented by the Greek letter psi. German physicist Max Born formulated  the interpretation of psi,  

Which is that the square of the  absolute value of psi represents   the probability of finding a particle in any  one particular state if we were to measure it. The concept of measurement was introduced to   explain what we actually see  when we make an observation.

The fact is that even if it were possible  for us to directly observe quantum particles,   we would never see them being in superposition,  we would only observe them being in one state or   another. We would only see the spin as up or down, not up and down.

Presumably, our observation acts like a measurement that destroys the super position. To give you an intuitive feel, let’s  look at some of the interpretations   in terms of the famous  Schrodinger’s cat experiment. This is a thought experiment proposed  by Erwin Schrodinger to illustrate,  

Ironically, what he felt was the absurdity of  assigning probabilities using his own equation. In this thought experiment, we have a box.  There are 4 things in the box. There is a cat,   a radioactive source – the emission of  radiation is completely random according  

To most theories of quantum mechanics, so this  is the source of quantum mechanical randomness. There is a radiation detector attached to a  hammer, and a vial of poison gas like cyanide.   If the detector detects radiation, the hammer  comes down and will smash the vial of gas and  

The cat will die. If it doesn’t detect radiation,  no gas is released and the cat will stay alive. If we look at this from the quantum mechanical  point of view, there are two possibilities for the   wave function of this system. If we presume that  the quantum system consists of the just the cat,  

Prior to measurement, the wavefunction  of the cat will look something like this:  Where the wave function describes the superposition of the cat being alive and dead. We have one over the square root of two because  there are two probabilities and the square of each  

Probability will be one half, and thus added  together the total probabilities will be one.   The wave function always shows that the  sum of all probabilities will equal one. In the standard, or Copenhagen interpretation, as soon as you open the box and make an observation,  

One of the probabilities comes true,  and the other probability disappears. So let’s say you observe the cat being alive,   that probability is now 100%. And the other  probability of the cat being dead becomes zero,   so that probability goes away. This  is called wave function collapse,  

Meaning the wave function has collapsed to  one state – based on the 50/50 probability. The wave function collapses  as the result of a measurement   by an observer or apparatus external to  the quantum system. A measurement is simply   an interaction of the quantum system  with a classical system. In this case  

It is you the observer opening the box and  measuring whether the cat is alive or dead. The problem with this interpretation is that  it sets two set of rules for how particles   behave – one for before measurement, and one  after measurement. But it doesn’t explain  

How this transition happens. This is often  characterized as the measurement problem. Why did the other probability go away. What is  the mechanism that collapsed the wave function? Bohr might have said, well, it just fits the  data. The data is that we observe only one event,  

So all the other events that we could have  observed no longer exist. We are just interpreting   quantum mechanics based on the data that we can plainly see. Don’t ask me how or why this happens.   Or you can say what Richard Feynman said when  asked the question, “Just shut up and calculate.”

This is just not very satisfying because we,  and, I won’t speak for you, but at least I,   need to know what’s really going on. A popular alternative, the many worlds  interpretation of the same event would be  

That no collapse occurs. The wave function is the  only true nature of reality. It never goes away. This interpretation was formulated by Hugh  Everett in 1957 as a graduate student at   Princeton University. And the followers of  this interpretation, sometimes referred to as  

Everettians, say that this is the simplest and  most basic interpretation of quantum mechanics   because it introduces no other assumptions or  equations, other than the Schrodinger equation. In our cat analogy, the distinction that  the many worlds interpretation makes vs. the  

Copenhagen interpretation is that it says, hey,  you as the observer are also a quantum system,   and you are entangled with the  cat. So the wave function includes   more than the cat. It also includes you,  the observer. It would look more like this,  

Where one part of the wave function is that  the cat is alive, and you observe it as such,   and the other part where the cat  is dead and you observe it dead: That is one wave function. When you opened  the box, the reality that you observed,  

Where the cat is alive, is but one world. However,   there is another world in which you  would have found the cat to be dead. Both worlds where you found the cat alive  and where you found the cat dead exist.  

You just happen to find yourself in one of them. So the question is why do we find ourselves   in the one branch where the cat  is alive, and not the other one? Everettians argue that other versions of ourselves  in the other worlds are asking the same question.  

You just happen to be asking it  in the world you find yourself in.   Every universe is equally  ‘real’ to those living in it. To embrace this interpretation,  you have to accept that many,   perhaps infinite, worlds exist, all  with different quantum outcomes. The problem is that

This does not seem to fit  with our experience, because   we have no inkling of the other versions  of ourselves. Where are the other ones? If we really are entangled with the cat,   then shouldn’t some part of me feel like  I saw the cat alive as well as dead?

But this never happens. There is never a  world where I see the cat both dead and alive,   where half of me saw the cat alive,  and the other half saw the cat dead.   So how does the split of the worlds occur?  Everettians say it is due to decoherence.

So what the heck is decoherence? Quantum  decoherence is the physical process   that is used to describe how quantum states  transition to the one state that we experience. The Copenhagen interpretation treats wave  function collapse as a fundamental process   without explaining the details of how it happens.  Decoherence attempts to explain what appears to be  

Like wave function collapse, but in MWI-speak,   it is a splitting of worlds. No  wave collapse actually occurs. If the universe was composed of only you and  the cat and nothing else, then you and the   cat would be in a coherent superposition.  This would be represented by our original   equation here:

The key realization is that in reality, you  have more than just you and the cat entangled.   Both you and the cat will also be entangled  with your environment because THAT is also   a quantum system. So, for example, the cat  will be entangled with what’s inside the box,  

Atoms of air, photons from  black body radiation, etc. All these objects will be entangled  with the cat. And you will also be   entangled with your environment. The  environment inside the box for a cat   that is alive will be different than  the environment for a cat that is dead.

Why? Because a dead cat’s interaction with the  air molecules and photons will be different,   not only because it’s position will likely  be different, but also other factors such as   heat produced etc. So Psi now looks like this,  where there is an added component of the cat  

And you being entangled with environment 1 in  one case, and environment 2 in the other case: These two environments are completely different. Because the entanglement with the  environment now enters the picture,   the coherent superpositon between  you and the cat is broken.

The Schrodinger equation says that the two parts  of the wave function above are perpendicular to   each other, that have no connection to each other.  This can be interpreted as two separate worlds. It is as if the universe splits into two  separate realities. This is decoherence.

Decoherence is another way of explaining how  quantum superposition gets lost, by interaction   with the environment. You can also think of this  as the quantum nature of the original 2 component   system leaking information into the environment  due to it entanglement with the environment. I  

Made a video about information leak using tennis  balls, if you want to check it out here. The problem is that since there is no  overlap between the branching wave functions,   no communication or connection between the  worlds exists. So it is unclear whether we  

Could ever verify whether the other  worlds exist. The only evidence is   the mathematics of the Schrodinger equation. An  experimental verification may not be possible. Now if the idea of quantum superposition  and randomness makes you uncomfortable,   I want you to relax because there are completely  deterministic interpretations as well.  

One is the de Broglie-Bohm, or pilot wave  theory, also known as Bohmian mechanics.   Another fascinating theory I like is an  Objective collapse theory by Roger Penrose,   who combines principles from general  relativity with quantum mechanics.   And these two, along with some other crazy  interpretation will be the subject of my next  

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#Copenhagen #Worlds #Interpretation #Quantum #Mechanics #Explained #simply

Should a Christian date or marry a Non-Christian?

– Well I was always told an explicit “no” on that, based in particular on 2 Corinthians 6, and in verse 14 Paul says to not be “unequally yoked with an unbeliever, for what partnership “does righteousness have with lawlessness?” So I grew up thinking that the apostle Paul

Was talking about dating when he used this metaphor of the yoke, being joined to someone, so that the direction one goes, the direction the other one goes. And so I only have since learned that Paul actually is not talking about dating and marriage relationships explicitly there;

He is rather talking about who the Corinthian believers were going to yoke themselves to, were going to join themselves to, between the false apostles and Paul himself. And so these false apostles, they came with a message that had a lot of Gospel elements to it,

But it wasn’t the full Gospel, it was some other message that appealed to the believers in various ways, by flattering them, by the apostles themselves acting like they were superior because of their more evident gifting. They tried to present that as evidence to these Corinthians

That God was with them, and then they pointed at Paul and said look how weak he is, look how nothing he is. Look at all the things he says that seem so impressive but actually when he shows up, he’s not that impressive. And so they used that as evidence

That God was not with Paul. Now, I think the answer to the question should a Christian date or marry an unbeliever, the answer’s no. And I think I would actually use this same verse. A verse that’s not explicitly about dating actually gives us a very important principle that we then

Apply to all of our relationships including dating. And that is, this principle that we all have this tendency to join ourselves to what appears to be the most impressive according to standards that may or may not line up with God’s. And so really, Paul’s instruction here

Is an appeal to the believers to be impressed with what God’s impressed with, to value what God values, and then to make your decisions relationally based upon those. So that has everything to do with dating. What we love, what we join ourselves to, we will be like.

And so when we apply that to dating and eventual marriage, what that person you’re dating loves will shape what you love. And if that person does not love God, it will absolutely shape and influence your ability to love God as well. So what they do positively love

You will be more compelled to love and so it’s a stewardship of your heart to assess the people around you that are options for marriage, to assess them according to God’s values, what God says is most important, what God says is most true, what God says is most life-giving,

And not to listen to what the world says is most valuable or most life-giving. And Paul knew this. And so Paul was trying to say to them their “love” for you is a self-serving version of love, where they’re using you in order to create a greater platform of influence for themselves, whereas,

And this is what the entire book of 2 Corinthians is about, whereas I have suffered for you, I have taken on loss in order for me to be able to build you up in Christ; that is the definition of love. So real love has at its purpose the building of that in someone.

And so what exists in a dating and moving towards marriage relationship between a believer and an unbeliever is that one of the core purposes of love just simply can’t be. And so, this is why I think Paul, we can construct a very compelling argument from a lot of what Paul says,

And a lot of what the rest of Scripture says, why a believer should not be dating an unbeliever. We haven’t made a distinction yet between dating and marriage, because I’m seeing dating as the purpose of moving towards marriage. The reason I do that, and I don’t just have

Dating as its own separate fun thing to do that doesn’t involve marriage, is I don’t think the Bible gives us a category for romantic connection, increasing self-disclosure and intimacy merely for the purpose of enjoyment or pleasure. It’s always for the establishment of this permanent relationship when it’s between a man and a woman.

So let’s get practical for a moment. What do you do if you’re currently in a dating relationship with an unbeliever? Well, I have heard many people justify that reality by calling it “missionary dating,” where they want to have a strong influence on them.

And honestly, I think people are sincere when they say this, so I’m not doubting the sincerity of that; you want their good in them coming to Jesus Christ. But I would simply challenge you with what I said earlier, actually is your stewardship for your life and what you love

And the direction of your soul. And you need to take seriously what God says about yoking yourself to someone else; they will in some sense be very influential in steering, that’s what the yoke is, in steering where you go. And so if you really want them to come to faith,

And you’re really willing to trust the Lord Jesus for their salvation, then I would challenge you to think long and hard about who you might suggest being placed in their life, who might invest in them with the Gospel that wouldn’t be in a dating relationship

And have alternate elements of the relationship going on. Because what you think might put that person in a better place to come to faith might actually be a hindrance to them coming to faith. And again, I know the stories of missionary dating “working” in the sense of people really coming to faith.

So I am not doubting that the Lord can do that, but your responsibility is not to think about what the Lord can do but what He tells you to do. And then also thinking practically maybe for a different set of people who might be watching this video,

Some people might already be married to an unbeliever, and they maybe have suffered in various ways because of it, and it causes them angst, I just want to say a word of comfort to you, that there’s a reason that 1 Corinthians 7 and 1 Peter 3 is in your Bible.

And both of those passages talk about the powerful effect that a believing spouse, particularly a wife actually, in those passages, but the powerful effect a believing spouse living out their faith can have on an unbelieving spouse. And God doesn’t make any explicit promises for your particular situation;

I realize that and I know you feel the pain of that fact, but don’t let the power of those words in any way be undermined. God is pleased as you serve your spouse and as you are faithful to your spouse, by faith in Jesus according to the strength that He provides,

God is pleased with that. And both Paul and Peter are acknowledging that there’s real power behind that. There’s a mysterious power behind that. So be encouraged that your labor is not in vain, and whatever tears you’ve shed about it, or whatever hardships you’ve endured because of it, they’re not in vain.

So let me just end by broadening our perspective to put this thing in its proper place. We need to remember that marriage is a picture of a greater reality. And it is not meant for ultimate life fulfillment. And so that takes the stakes down a bit,

Because marriage is a gift from the Lord; it’s meant to establish a covenant union between two people that displays Jesus’s love for His church, that’s what it’s meant for. And so when we keep that purpose in mind, it helps us put this whole thing in perspective,

Where we don’t get to use dating and marriage for our own purposes alone. So the general instruction that a Christian should not date and marry an unbeliever, it’s not prejudiced, it’s not tribalism. It’s a statement of the purpose of marriage being for something larger than our own earthly satisfaction.

It’s a larger picture; it’s helping each other learn to love God and to do what He says through faith in the Lord Jesus Christ. And so we use it for His purposes and not for our own. – [Narrator] Thanks for watching Honest Answers. Don’t forget to subscribe.

#Christian #date #marry #NonChristian

A Day in the Life of a Modern American Exorcist

There is a war that is being waged between good and evil. Faith in God will lead us in one direction, the lack of faith will lead us in another. I have seen many manifestations of evil. Exorcism is the only cure for one who is truly demonically possessed.

The Catholic Church knows that most of these claims are baloney. They cling to this because they’re afraid to give up that last vestige of the supernatural. If there’s no demons, maybe there’s no devil . And if there is no devil, maybe there’s no God. I am Father Vincent Lampert.

I’ve been a Catholic priest for the past 25 years. I was appointed by my archbishop to be the exorcist for Indianapolis. It was not a position that I sought. But in 2005, the archbishop selected me for the role. He told me that he wanted a priest who believed in the reality of evil,

But not one who would be so gullible as to believe that everybody who came to him was actually up against the forces of evil. When I was appointed, I became 1 of only 12 officially appointed exorcists in the United States That number has now grown to around 50.

Some people will dabble in things of the occult. Believing that perhaps they’re just fun and entertaining But what they may not fully realize, is that they’re dabbling with evil. and they could be opening up an entry point for evil into their lives Take this, all of you, and eat of it

For this is my body, which will be given up for you I’m the pastor here at St. Malachi parish in Brownsburg, Indiana The parish has approximately 2500 families just around 9000 parishioners. There are many people who laugh at the notion of demonic possession. or even the reality itself.

But the Catholic Church does teach that evil is a reality and it is personified in the person of the Devil. Over the years, exorcism has undergone many different transformations. Exorcism goes back even before the time of Christ. But exorcisms became truly efficacious, or real, with the coming of Christ.

The oldest formalized version of the rite of excorcism would date back to 1614. It was revised in 1999. Some of the manifestations I’ve witnessed over the years seem kind of incredible, incredulous. I think that the manifestations that one sees in movies such as The Exorcist – all that truly is possible.

Eyes rolling in the back of the head, foaming at the mouth, growling and snarling like a wild animal, strong stenches, the temperature in the room will drop, bodily contortions. I remember a person who began to levitate during an exorcism. Now these manifestations are meant to distract the exorcist.

I learned quickly that the exorcist should not focus on the manifestations of evil, but focus on the power of God that is at work. There’s an international association of exorcists. Which received official Vatican approval about 2 years ago. I am a member of that organization.

And there’s a gathering in Rome every other year. Demonic possession is extremely rare. 1 out of every 5000 people who contact me is a genuine case of demonic possession. FATHER: Hello Mary. How are you? Obviously this is a ministry that I cannot do alone,

So there is a lady that works with me. I jokingly like to refer to her as my exorcis-tant. She’s really the first line of defense. The majority of people that she talks to just need a listening ear. I can help answer any questions that you have.

MARY: Well I got a revolving list right now of some people that are local because they would be in our diocese. I have that one guy from southern Indiana that keeps calling. I dont think he remembers all the times that we’ve talked because he always acts like

No one has ever talked to me or ever tried to help me. FATHER: And that’s what gives credence to the fact that this is truly something of a mental health issue as opposed to something that’s demonic. MARY: Of course it doesn’t help too because I also was talking to another priest.

He was telling me that he doesn’t believe any of this. FATHER: Some people will accept what the church believes and teaches about the reality of evil. Some people won’t. I am Dr. Michael Shermer, publisher of Skeptic magazine, and the head of the 55000 member strong Skeptic Society. I have two graduate degrees

One in Experimental Psychology and the other in the History of Science. My speciality really is understanding belief systems how the mind works related to why we believe anything that we believe in. The investigation of exorcisms has been popular since we started the magazine really because it kinda comes and goes

Depending on what’s hot in popular culture. You know the research says 1 in 10. Americans claim that they’ve seen an exorcism. I suspect most of those are people that have seen The Exorcist or watched a documentary on TV or something like that. If you go on YouTube and just type in demon possession

There’s thousands of videos. You could spend an hour and be an expert on what they’re supposed to look like. The church has a list of criteria for what would constitute a possession. Speaking in tongues, glossolalia, is one of them. Spouting off this sort of sequence of syllables It sounds nonsensical

And then somebody interprets it. Now we know because we’ve had linguists analyze recordings of what is being said and they say this is not a language. It’s just babble. It’s lliterally a psycho-drama The music, the chanting, the dancing, the singing. It gets you caught up into it. It’s like a rave.

You feel the emotions. You feel the brain chemistry changing. The hormones pumping through your body. Contorted body postures and the writhing on the ground, the utterances. It’s just imitation. I’ve actually gone up to one of these. I could almost feel like, “Okay, here I go.” I could almost feel it coming on.

I wasn’t even a believer. This is imitation. It’s roleplaying. In addition to these exorcisms being nonsensical, from a scientific perspective. They’re also dangerous. There have been people killed. Suffocated. Tortured. It’s not a harmless exercise in entertainment. It’s potentially very dangerous. Once you start to believe something, the confirmation bias kicks in.

In which you look for confirming evidence that it’s true, and you ignore the disconfirming evidence. Everybody does it. Unfortunately, this leads to great distortions of belief. There’s no such thing as the paranormal or the supernatural. There’s just the normal, the natural, and the things we haven’t explained yet

FATHER: This is where I performed my most intense case of exorcism. It took place 5 years ago here in this convent. The items I use for exorcism. In addition in my bag, I also have the holy water that I would use. We came into the space.

The spouse who was very strong and confident in his belief The woman who was afflicted sat down here. You could smell in the air the sense of perspiration just the anxiety of what was about to take place. No sooner did the drops of water hit the head of the lady,

Then the manifestations began immediately. She exhibited vocal outbursts. Speaking in languages that she didn’t otherwise know, exhibiting strength beyond the normal capacity of a person, and also an aversion to things of a sacred nature. All this was going on while I was praying *PRAYING IN LATIN*

I commanded the demon leviathan to depart immediately. Then the demon that had been speaking in this very strong, authoritative voice began to speak like a little baby. Then looked at me and said “Hail Mary, full of grace.” and there was a shriek and all the manifestations of evil ended.

Because the presence of evil was now completely gone. FATHER: People will believe what they will. It’s not really my task to try to convince people of something. Because if you are a person of faith, you began with the premise that believing is seeing.

People that may come from more of a scientific background may begin with the premise that I have to see in order to believe.

#Day #Life #Modern #American #Exorcist

Why Suffering/evil poses a Problem for Atheists

Because I think there’s a real problem  here and the problem isn’t what you’ve said   it’s can suffering and evil pose a problem to the  atheist as well? Because I think this is the real   problem, the problem is for the atheist. Can you  perhaps explain why it’s a problem, the problem  

Of evil and suffering. I think so too and  I think it’s very important to turn the tables   when we’re speaking about this issue too  because thinking about suffering like I said   I think it’s something that all people all  around the world throughout history have been  

Thinking about, theists, polytheists, monotheists,  deists, these people are thinking about suffering,   suffering is a part of this world so but i  really think that it’s a big problem for the   atheists from for three specific reasons. The first  thing is when you speak about the problem of evil  

You’re actually speaking about an objective  standard for what is good and bad and evil   and not even and i will speak about that the  second thing is that when people are suffering   uh it’s really something that goes through their  nervous system that you can feel pain is something  

That goes through your nervous system and  the nervous system is incredibly designed   and it really points to a designer. So it’s  really an evidence for for God’s existence   and the last thing is how to cope with  suffering and evil in the world as an atheist. So  

Let us speak about the first thing when we speak  about the problem of evil let me say because   this is … I’ve seen Stephen Fry he’s a  very famous British comedian and and so on he’s an  

Atheist he says he’s an atheist and he was going  on about how evil suffering was he used the word   evil repeatedly and many people found this  very very ironic and contradictory just   this is a real problem so real atheists are  really saying it’s evil and you can see Stephen  

Fry going on and on about this on youtube so why  is that a problem for atheism i think that most   most general atheists they have a sense inside of  themselves it’s a part of the Fitrah, the natural   instinct that there are some objective moral  goods and evils that they think that this and  

This and that are objectively good it’s not just  my opinion and the opinion in my culture this is   good to help children that are starving it is a  good thing to do it’s not just my opinion that  

It’s good it’s a good thing to do and holocaust  and so on they are evil things it’s not just   my opinion that it’s evil it’s evil but if  you’re an atheist you don’t you can’t have these   objective moral standards because everything just  goes down to personal beliefs or feelings  

And we can see that atheists that really take the  atheism to this extent like you can see Alexander   Rosenberg he’s a professor of philosophy as a  book that is called Atheist Guide to Reality   and when he speaks about these issues he  said there are no such thing as good, bad,  

Evil, and so on it’s just you should do  good things because it makes you feel good   but there are no objective moral standards for  good and evil in ethics atheistic worldview you  

Can even see like i don’t know if you read the  books of Noah Harari: Sapiens A Brief History of Humankind, and Homo Deus, deals   they’re quite interesting books when he’s  speaking about these things because he’s a  

Real darwinistic atheist and he takes all these  things to it’s he’s a real nihilist so when he   speaking about human rights he said there is  no such thing as human rights because human   rights are based on the belief that humans  are created equal from a creator this is the  

Declaration of the Independence of the United  States people are not created in his view there   have evolved evolved and they are not equal  they are different people are different so   how can you speak about human rights this is a  metaphysical concept it’s like we don’t have any  

Rights we’re animals we’re evolved animals so  when atheists usually speak about these things   i think they kind of go back to their Fitrah,  their natural instinct, that there are some   objective moral good and evil they’re using  religious language yeah they’re illegitimately   borrowing some religious language of good  and evil as metaphysical objective concepts  

Whereas in fact truly as their own philosophers  have said there is no good or evil for atheists so   actually it’s it’s a bit of a um a tricky argument  because they’re borrowing religious language and   saying oh but we’re not we don’t believe in  religion they can’t really do that consistently  

Yeah and the the second thing is the nervous  system uh why do people suffer why do you feel   pain when i do like this because i have a nervous  system if i would not have a nervous system  

I will not feel pain when i do this and this and  that and i’m not a doctor so i can’t speak about   how the whole nervous system is built up and so on  but you can just go into youtube and write a human  

Nervous system and you can when you see these  things it’s just Allahu Akbar like Subhanallah   how just in a microsecond when you do like this  you can feel straight away in a microsecond pain  

And if we would not feel pain we can lose our legs  so we don’t know which is that someone cuts off   our legs and we don’t know what’s happening with  us so it’s really a signal for us that there’s  

Something wrong here there’s something wrong in  your body here you can feel pain here okay you   should go to the doctor you should look it up  and so on and this is pure design and the sign  

Points to a designer so the whole thing the whole  concept of suffering goes back to an incredibly   designed nervous system and the third thing that  i think it does not really disprove atheism but   it’s if you really think  about the atheist worldview  

And you can see that they are suffering  or people around them are suffering   how can they find like uh consolidation  or how can they find some kind of comfort   i used to have a neighbor in sweden who was an  atheist on a countryside when he was feeling pain  

He was old and he had chronic pains or something  like that and he used to find comfort in saying   well it would all go away in the crematorium when  i die and will cover that all of my pains will go  

Away this was his way to find the hope that he  will lose pain and he’s yeah in his worldview   it’s right how can they find something if we look  at the hadith that i mentioned the ayat of Allah  

And hadith of the prophet upon whom be peace and you suffer you  can really feel like ok okay i can take this   because it will take away my sins and i’ll have a  reward in the next life and so on and so on so you  

Can feel comfort that God will reward us for all  of these things but as an atheist what if you have   chronic so you feel chronic pain chronic diseases  suffering the only thing that will take it away   is death and it’s like okay after death  what’s there it’s nothing so i think that  

This is really it’s really depressing if you  really think about what atheism means it’s   depressing because okay you strive today you study  and you work you gain money and you gain fame but   at the moment that you die everything inc in  accordance to your worldview finish nothing there  

And how can you you can see that people are  suffering people oppressing others you could see   that Hitler it took over like almost the whole  of Europe he killed people by the millions and   when the Russians came close killed himself  and he’s finished we as muslims believe that  

He will be responsible allah azzawajal will have  him responsible for his needs and his actions   at the same time all of these people that died  and so on and people that die and wars and so on   uh Allah azza will make justice in  the next life so when you believe  

In that it really gives you comfort  and it makes you cope with the hard   hardships of life and the sufferings of life but  i can’t really see how an atheist can feel that   it’s very hard for me so i think that the problem  of suffering is really a problem for the atheist  

Yeah and yeah this is the great great irony  actually that this problem actually uh rebounds   back on them with incredible force uh for the  three reasons uh that you mentioned they can’t   complain about evil evil doesn’t exist  for them and then and in their and their  

Exquisitely designed nervous system bears  testimony to a designer anyway and anyway   atheism is his hopeless nihilistic literally god  forsaken ideology which offers no consolation or   hope to humanity so it really rebounds back  on atheism very painfully for them I think.

#Sufferingevil #poses #Problem #Atheists

Who is Satan? – The Devil Explained

The devil the bane of human existence. The personification of evil, appearing in some from in almost every human religion and thought. The problem of evil is a touchstone of any religion. From our direct confrontation with evil results suffering, and thus endless questions about the meaning of life.

That is why all religions have to give a proper answer regarding the origin, nature and end of evil. The general pattern in Eastern religions such as Buddhism and Hinduism is to consider evil as the effect of spiritual ignorance. But in many ancient religions, pantheistic religions and Judaeo-Christian religions evil has a face.

Anthropologists say that the story of religion starts with animism – the concept that all people, animals, plants, water, air, the world and the heaviness are all spiritual beings. Anthropologists state that this was a means for man to interpret and understand the meaning of life and the world around them.

These Ancients also often believed in evil spirts, often people who could not find rest in the afterlife spirit and that disturbing the natural order of things brought pain and was the cause of evil and pain in the world.

This system of belief still exists in some parts of the world, notably Africa, and it led naturally to the pantheism found in ancient societies like Greece and Rome. And it also led naturally to the eastern spiritualist religions as well. In eastern religions the concepts of animism lead naturally to the concept that physical

Matter was bad and the spiritual was good. In these religions pain is caused by attachment to the harsh physical world and to truly gain power and perfection is to escape physical existence. Meanwhile this animistic thought lead to the concept that beings were the cause for all the pain and destruction in the world.

In many ancient religions such as the religions of the Aztecs, Egyptians, Greeks and Romans evil was explained through the imperfections of the gods and by gods of chaos and destruction who manifested evil. In many of these ancient religions good and evil were at war with each other and this

Led to dualistic religions such as Zoroastrianism where good (Ahura Mazda) and Evil (Angra Mainyu) oppose each other. Angra Mainyu – meaning evil spirit attempts to undermine god’s creation by creating death and tempting mankind to sin. Anthropologists often state that these religions owe Zoroastrianism for the concepts of heaven

And hell and Satan, but naturally Christians, Jews and Muslims would not accept this view. This brings us to the Judeo- Christian religions Jews, Chrisitans and Muslims explain evil entering the world through the creation account but all of them view the devil very differently.

Devil comes from the Greek word diabolos, “slanderer,” or “accuser” which is a translation of the Hebrew word Satan. Judism has an unclear view of the devil and view in judism vary from just being a metaphor to being an opposer to God.

Some Jews even think of satan as being an agent of Gods or even someone who acts as a courtroom prosecutor. The word satan appears numerous times in the Hebrew bible, but often it is unclear whether it is an evil spirit or an agent of god.

Forinstance in 2 Samuel 24:1 god tells David to have a census and 1 Chronicles 21:1 says that god did it. In the book of Job Satan speaks to god concerning Job and seems to be acting as ‘devils advocate’ no pun intended.

But it is clear that satan is an evil force in other passages like 1 king 22 and in the book of samual in the from of a evil spirt harassing saul. In Christianity satan is more clearly a fallen angel and an opposer to God.

The new testament interprets passages of the old and identifies the snake in the garden as being the devil. Romans (16:20) and revelation (Rev. 12:9; 20:2). Satan acts as an antagonist to Jesus, attempting to tempt him in the wilderness and unlimitly leading to Jesus death by insiting Judis to betray him.

But in this instance satan is acting according to Gods plan possibly without knowing it. The Devil in the end times will attempt one last rebellion but will usimitly fail. The devil is sometimes called Lucifer, particularly when describing him as an angel before his

Fall, although the reference in Isaiah 14:12 to Lucifer, or the Son of the Morning, is a reference to a Babylonian king. The new testament allows for this though, as it often adds second meanings to passages outside of their original context forinstace Psalm 22 which is originally about king David,

Is interpreted to be about Jesus in the new testament. In Islam the devil is often known as Iblis. Iblis also likely comes from the same root as the word devil, but Muslim scholars often link it to an Arabic word meaning ‘without hope’.

Iblis is mentioned in the Quranic narrative about the creation of humanity. When God created Adam, he ordered the angels to prostrate themselves before him. All did, but Iblis refused and claimed to be superior to Adam out of pride.[Quran 7:12] Therefore, pride but also envy became a sign of “unbelief” in Islam.

Thereafter Iblis was condemned to hell, but God granted him a request to lead humanity astray, knowing the righteous will resist Iblis’ attempts to misguide them. To summrise devils appear in many religions in the from of evil spirits or evil in general Some religions use the devil as a metaphor for evil

Some religions believe evil is caused by the physical world and our attachment to it Judaism has varied ideas about the devil, but usually identify him as an evil spirit or a metaphor Christianity and Islam both believe that Satan is a fallen angel or angelic creature who was guilty of pride.

In Christianity the angel wanted to be as great as God In Islam the angelic Jinn wanted to be greater than man What are your thinking on the topic of satan?

#Satan #Devil #Explained

John Milton – 02

We come to the second lecture on Paradise  Lost Book one. We will begin with   Milton s grand style. We will see the features  of Milton s grand style and then discuss lines   195 to 798. Of course, with reference to certain  selected passages dealing with Satan s size,  

Heaven and Hell, Catalogue of Warriors,  Ecological strain, Building of pandemonium,   Preparation for the debate in the second book.  And then we will pay attention to specific poetic   devices, particularly Epic similes. Matthew Arnold uses the expression   grand style with reference to the use of  blank verse in Milton s Paradise Lost.  

He appreciated Milton for this achievement in  English poetry. But this achievement fell into   a controversy called Miltonic controversy, when  F R Lewis and T S Eliot attacked Milton s use   of language. However, we have spirited defense  of Miltonic style by C S Lewis, William Empson,  

Christopher Ricks and Stanley Fish. It  s a whole debate we have this book by   Christopher Ricks called Milton s Grand  Style to understand all kinds of debates   that have gone into this Miltonic controversy. According to Christopher Ricks,   there are certain features. One: rhythm or music  contributing the sound effects in the poem.  

The second one is syntax, sentence construction  following decorum demanding some long sentence   constructions, inversions according to Latin  style. This is different from the common language   that we use. The next one is metaphor, all  kinds of comparisons, extended comparisons,  

Embedded comparisons, lots of with lots of  allusions we have in Milton. That s a great source   of difficulty for us, and similarly, word play  or pun with words, play with words in different   ways. Milton may use words in different forms  with or archaic meanings or etymological sources  

Or he may play with different  words in different ways.   So, these contribute to Milton s grand  style. We have discussed his grand style   in the beginning so that as we discuss  the passages, we can pay attention to  

These features, rhythm, syntax, metaphor and word  play. And finally, when it comes to poetic devices   and epic similes, we can further reinforce  our understanding of grand style later.   Let s look at Satan’s size; Satan s body was a  monstrous size. How does Milton present the huge  

Body of Satan to us? Prone on the flood, extended long and large,   Lay floating many a rood, in bulk as huge As whom the fables are name of monstrous size,  

Titaniun, or Earth – born that war d on Jove, Briareos or Typhon. whom the den   By ancient Tarsus held or that sea-beast Leviathan, which God of all his works   Created hugest that swim th ocean-stream: Him haply slumb ring on the Norway foam  

The pilot of some small night- found d skiff, Deeming some island, oft, as seamen tell,   With fixed anchor in his scaly rind, Moors by his side under the lee, while night   Invests the sea, and wished morn delays. The body of Satan was so gigantic, so titanic  

Something like a titan, warring with  Jove. And the sea beast Leviathan is   also brought in such a huge beast, is so huge  that it it could be like an island for a sailor   to anchor his ship. Such is the shape of Satan. Very crucial passage for us to understand  

What is heaven and hell. Farewell happy fields   Where joy forever dwell: Hail horrors, hail Infernal world, and thou profoundest Hell   Receive thy new Possessor: One who brings A mind not to be chang d by Place or Time.  

The mind is its own place and in it self Can make a heav n of Hell, a Hell of Heav n.   What matter where, if I be still the same, And what I should be, all but less than he  

Whom Thunder hath made greater? Here at least We shall be free; th Almighty hath not built   Here for his envy, will not drive us hence: Here we may reign secure, and in my choice  

This is a height of arrogance from Satan. To reign is worth ambition though in Hell:   Better to reign in Hell, than serve in heav n. What is hell? The mind is its own place and  

In itself can make a heaven or  hell, a hell or of heaven.   He may be pushed down from paradise that is  heaven to hell but his mind doesn t change.   He will remain with that ambition to fight  with God to equal or to become superior to God  

And his chief philosophy is better to reign  in hell than serve in heaven. He doesn t   want to be a servant; he wants to be a master.  Master for, master for all things of the world,  

Supreme Being of the world. How can, how can  there be so many Gods with equal power?   Satan does not think about that. Satan I do not  care for God; I want to be better than, more than   God. This is a typical individualistic Protestant  philosophy, which has found excellent expression  

Through Milton s character called Satan. That s  why many critics have found that Milton is able   to express his own independent spirit and mind  through Satan much more than anything else.   Satan has a shield which is compared  to the moon in terms of size.  

His scarce had ceas d when the superior fiend   Was moving toward the shore; from the  burning lake his ponderous shield,   Ethereal timber, massy, large and round, Behind him cast; the broad circumference  

Hung on his shoulders like the moon, whose orb Through optic glass the Tuscan artist views   At ev ning from the top of Fesole, Or in Valdarno, to descry new lands,  

Rivers or mountains in her spotty globe. His spear – to equal which the tallest pine   Hewn on Norwegian hills, to be the mast Of some great ammiral, were but a wand.   Very interestingly Milton brings in the Tuscan  optic glass, the Tuscan artist that is Galileo.  

It seems that Milton had a chance to visit  Italy and at that time he also had the chance   to meet Galileo. Through that uptick, that is  telescope, Galileo used to see the sky, moon,   planets from that place called Fesole or Valdarno.  And this through this by seeing this here, Milton  

Compares the shield that Satan has to the size  of the moon, hung on his shoulders like the moon   and also, he has a spear which our poet  compares to a tall pine, the tallest pine,  

And also it s like a magic wand. We have a simile here in the form of locust.   As when the potent rod Of   Amram s soAmram s son, in Egypt s evil day, Wav d round the coast up called a pitchy cloud  

Of locusts warping on the eastern wind, That ov r the realm of impious Pharaoh hung   Like night, and darken d all the land of Nile: So numberless were those bad Angels seen  

Hovering on wing under the cope of Hell, Twixt upper, nether, and surrounding fires;   In this case, we have locusts, all these angels  were coming together like locusts in the sky,   like a cloud, in the night and  this is referred to in the form of  

Amram s son that is Moses. When Moses came  to Egypt and he wanted to cross Egypt to   Israel, he was given this kind of situation. We have a list of warriors. I have brought them   together in one slide without much description  these are the names, the warriors. He tells,  

Milton tells or request the muse, Say muse their  names then who first who last. The rhetorical   inputs are there: first, next, behind and  all that; Moloch, Chemos, Baalim, Ashtaroth,   Astoreth, Thammuz, Dagon, Osiris,  Isis, Orus, Belial. These are the  

Warriors. They have all negative qualities Gods  and Gods with different kinds of sins from human   sacrifice to lust, so many kinds of ills or  evils that is Gods do, these warriors do.   And these warriors are ready to fight with God and  all of them are ready, they are in place; Satan  

Views or looks at them and then takes  pride. His pride, Satan’s pride:   Distands with pride and,  hard ning in his strength,   Glories: for never, since created man, Met such embodied force as nam d with these,  

Could merit more than that small infantry. That is actual passage we have to look at,   but then how is that infantry great? We have  further connections through all historical   forces or armies described in other epics. So,  we, this kind of description to understand better,  

We need to refer to an annotated edition. All  kinds of battles that were fought in the past or   described in the past in various epics, Milton has  brought in here to show, Satan was ready to fight  

With God. We have to remember, again and again we  have to remember that, Satan is not exactly the   hero but there is a question about that. The, this  whole epic is presented from the vantage point of  

The defeated. God defeated Satan. So, we have a  perspective of this war from the defeated Satan.   We have strength and weakness  analysis in in Satan here.   But he who reigns Monarch in heav n till then as one secure  

Sat on his throne, upheld by world repute. Consent or custom, and his regal state   Put forth   full, but still his strength conceal d; Which tempted our attempt and wrought our fall.  

Henceforth is might we know and know our own, So as not either to provoke or dread   New or provok d or better part remains To work, in closed design, by fraud or guile  

What force effected not: that he no less At length from us may find who overcomes   By force had to overcome but half his foe. It appears that Satan could, could not have   revolted against God if he really understood, if  he had really understood the real strength of God.  

It was appearing like that he could overcome  God but he understood the real power of God   only when God used his power to push Satan and  all other devils down into hell. So now he has to  

Think about different ways, he knows the power of  God so he has to defeat God in different ways.   One of the aspects of this war  and army and all that is about   having lot of wealth, a lot of resources.  We have Mammon also here in this hell  

And there is something to do with  ecology; something very interesting in the   lines highlighted for you in the last  three lines here. Mammon is considered   to be the God of wealth or riches. Or cast a rampart. Mammon led them on,  

Mammon, the least erected Spirit that fell From heav n for ev n in heav   n his looks and thoughts Were always downward bent, admiring more   The riches of heaven’s pavement, trod n gold, Than aught divine or holy else enjoy d  

In vision beatific; by him first Men also and by his suggestion taught,   Ransack d the centre, and with the impious hands Rifl d the bowels of their mother Earth   For treasures better hid. Mammon, the God of riches,  

He was in heaven along with the Satan and  others but he was not happy with the celestial   riches. He was happy with the golden riches or  material riches which were found in below heaven.   So, his eyes were always down, when he came here.  Then along with others he ransacked the center of  

The earth. He rifled the bowels of the earth. He  explored and received or gathered more of wealth   from the Mother Earth. And this is the, this is  this has lot of meaning in the context of the  

Ecological damage that we are doing today. We are  exploring the earth for more and more wealth, for   ourselves forgetting the health of Mother Earth. We have this pandemonium. Pandemonium   is a word which Milton coined  and gave to English vocabulary;  

Demon from demon, where pandemonium is a place  where demons live. All demons live, that is hell.   Mulciber is the man who built this pandemonium.  Mulciber in Greek mythologies Hephaestus and in   Latin or Roman mythology is Vulcan. So here he is presented to us;  

Men call him Mulciber; and how he fell From heav n they fabl d thrown by angry Jove   Sheer o er the crystal battlements: from morn   To noon he fell, from noon to dewy eve. A summer’s day, and with the setting sun  

Dropt from the zenith, like a falling star, Of Lemnos, th Aegean isle. Thus they relate,   Erring: for he with his rebellious rout For Fell long before; nor aught avail d him now   To have built in heav n high  tow rs; nor did he scape  

By all his engines, but was headlong sent With his industrious crew to build in Hell.   At pandemonium, the high capital Of Satan and his peers.   The capital, a straw-built  capital like that we have here in  

Pandemonium, that is, hell. In this hall the  devils will assemble to discuss their strategy.   We have a simile. Which, this is a common simile  used in other epics, bees coming together swarming   together: As bees   In spring-time, when the  sun with the Taurus rides,  

Pour Pour forth their populous  youth about the hive   In clusters; they among fresh dews and flowers Fly to and fro, or on the smoothed plank,   The suburb of their straw-built citadel New rubb d with balm, expatiate and confer  

Their state-affairs: So thick the aery crowds Swarm d were strait n d   till, the signal giv n, – Behold a wonder! – they but now who seem d   In bigness to surpass Earth s Giant sons   Now less than the smallest  dwarfs, in narrow room  

Throng numberless, like the Pygmean race Beyond the Indian mount or faery elves,   And it continues. Bees, like bees all of them  have come together and they are reduced in size,   the devils are reduced in size in smallest dwarfs.  And once they are called, once they are given the  

Instruction, they all move from the lake, burning  lake. They, first they move from the lake to the   nearby dry land and then the Pandemonium is built  there and then they enter this Pandemonium for   discussion. It s a wonderful site of their huge  size, size becoming small and small. And also,  

They become numberless. We don t know how many  angels, I mean devils are there. Huge numbers.   These are the closing lines of Book one. Thus incorporeal Spirits to smallest forms   Reduc d their shapes immense,  and were at at large,  

Though without numbers still, amidst the hall Of that infernal court. But far within,   And in their own dimensions like themselves. The great Seraphic lords and cherubim   In close recess and secret conclave sat, A thousand demi-gods on golden seats,  

Frequent and full. After a short silence then, And summons read, the great consult began.   The great consult began. What is that consult  is given to us in Book Two, the consultation   regarding how to fight with God. So, the,  these spirits, angels who turned into devils,  

Incorporeal spirits, spirits without  body, from huge size to small size,   in some from some numbers to numberless and they  have all come to this court, the assembly hall,   infernal, because this is hellish. And there is a  tautological expression in this and in their own  

Dimensions like themselves, there is no other  comparison. They are compared with themselves   and in their own dimensions like themselves.  What is this? We have no idea, this small size;   frequent and full alliteration the different  kinds of words that he uses, conclave,  

Secret place of meeting and consultation. As we saw in the previous lecture some thematic   contrast, all of them apply here, specifically  with reference to the lines 195 to 798. We can   see the comparison or the contrast between huge  size and small size, heaven on the one hand hell  

On the other hand, pride on the one hand humility  on the other, fraud and also force, appearance   and reality, particularly when it comes to the  real strength of, the real power of God, which   Satan and other devils understood after the fight,  after the impious civil war, not before that.  

Their own strengths and weaknesses they understand  and then they think about their own way of coping   with what to do next. There is a spirit up in  heaven and there is a material down in hell  

And we have this crowded or isolated people. All  of them are now crowded, frequent and full in this   infernal court. And one, on the one hand we  have corporeal huge size body and on the other   hand we have incorporeal spirits without  much body or without occupying space.  

So, this kind of thematic contrast we have  especially with reference to this good and evil,   design, the sign of design, the sign of design of  good and evil in hell in Pandemonium we have with   reference to Mulciber, Mammon and many other  devils, list of warriors we have in this.  

We have already looked at the some of the poetic  devices. So, we can quickly look at them; epic   similes we have in leviathan, shieldless moon,  locusts, bees. We have alliteration, just some   examples we have here: Heaved his head, stench and  smoke, sole, hail, horrors hail. Chiasmus we have;  

Greatest example of Chiasmus we can have in terms  of defining hell and heaven: The mind can make   its own hell or heaven, a heaven or hell, a hell  of heaven. We have transferred epithet in terms   of happy fields, his ponderous shield, shield,  ponderous thinking, it is Satan who thinks. So,  

It is attributed to the shield. We have these  epigrammatic sentences better to reign in hell   than serve in heaven, who overcomes by  force hath overcome but half his foe.   So, this using force to win an enemy is only half  the victory but this full victory probably Satan  

Implies through winning God by fraud. We have  the image of ransacking and rifling the earth,   Mother Earth for gold and other resources.  We have the simile in like that Pygmean race   and some other similes also we have. And then  lastly, we have this tautology and in their own  

Dimensions like themselves. There is no additional  meaning we have, it is circumlocution.   The poetic devices in terms of sound effects and  all that we have; it is unrhymed words but we have   noted some occasional rhymes; we have tend and  defend in 183 and 187; repair and despair in 188,  

191 nearby. And then we have pledge and edge in  274 and 276. And similarly, some kind of partial   rhyme we can see in anon, discern,  down in 325 to 327 lines.   We have the wide variety of caesuras and  enjambments the mind is its own place,  

And in itself Can make a heav n of  Hell, a Hell of heav n. The whole   poem uses iambic pentameter in unrhymed  form that s why it is called blank verse.   Here we have a different passage for us  to understand this iambic pentameter:  

With dread of death to fight or foul retreat, Nor wanting power to mitigate and swage   With solemn touches, troubled  thoughts, and chase   Anguish and doubt and fear and sorrow and pain From mortal to immortal minds.  

This and addition of and, polysyndeton you can  see, and this dread of death you can see in terms   of alliteration or flight or foul you can see,  it s a beautiful passage. And Matthew Arnold  

Says take any passage from Paradise Lost from  the poetry of Milton you can see grand style.   We have a number of conventions  for an epic poem. Here are some:   invocation to the muse, statement  of the theme, supernatural element,   heroic characters, descent to hell,  in medias res, list of warriors,  

Epic similes. We have seen all of them in our  first lecture and also in this second lecture.   We will pay attention to some specific epic  similes. Whale, that is, leviathan that is used   to refer to the size of Satan. Similarly, we saw  this shield size, the size of the shield used  

By Satan, the broad circumferences Hung on his  shoulders like the moon and further connected with   Galileo and other things. Locusts, numerous angels  that is, the devils actually, the innumerable   angels that is fallen angels groveling in the  lake of, of fire compared to a cloud of locusts.  

We also have bees the diminished shape of the  devils is presented to us in the shape of bees.   As bees In springtime, when the sun with Taurus rides.   Pour forth that populous youth above the hire In clusters  

That s why we have this frequent  and full crowded place.   In sum, we can see Milton s Paradise Lost as an  epic poem on the grand theme of the fall of man.   Book one of Paradise Lost describes  the background for the entire story.  

It introduces Satan, it introduces theme, it  introduces the preparation of Satan to fight   with God for taking revenge on him by fraud or  force. Most importantly this particular book   presents the mind of the fallen angels in hell and  their building of Pandemonium and their palace.  

Milton displays his astute scholarship in  language, literature, the Bible, philosophy,   different forms of government, etc.,  throughout the poem. Satan’s speeches,   as we have seen, may be examples of the freedom  of speech that Milton argued for in his life.  

There are any number of readings, critical  readings possible. There are many references you   can see on your own, these are some suggestive. We  can attempt religious reading or secular reading,   political reading or didactic reading that  is moral reading, psychological reading   or sociological reading even archaeological  and geographical mapping is possible to do;  

So much of information we have in Paradise Lost. We can also think of scientific approach to   the poem because it is a poem in the  context of growing, advancing science.   We have ecological interpretation, we hinted at  it in the context of Mammon and his attempt to  

Ransack the whole earth. We have feminist  readings of this poem, why do we have Eve   being treated in the way in which Milton  has? It is in the Bible of course.   Milton follows the Bible but then he also includes  his own perspectives on the Biblical theme.  

We have a quotation from William Blake who  admired Milton like nobody else did. Blake said,   The reason Milton wrote it in  fetters when he wrote of Angels   and God, and at liberty when of  Devils and Hell, is because he  

Was a true poet and of the devil’s  party without knowing it.   When we read Shakespeare s Macbeth, we don  t feel bad about Macbeth for killing Duncan.   We sympathize with him and the same case happens  here when we find Satan fighting against God  

Tempting human beings to eat the fruit,  forbidden fruit, and making them lose   paradise. He does all evil things but  then Milton by his poetic language,   by his imaginative effort or endeavor,  enables us to sympathize with Satan himself.  

Finally, we have a summary here. We began this  lecture with Milton s grand style focusing on   sound effects, rhythm and music, syntax, metaphor  and word play. We have seen some examples   of all these characteristics in this poem.  We have discussed some selected passages  

From line number 195 to 798 focusing on Satan  s size, heaven and hell, catalogue of warriors,   ecological strain, building of Pandemonium  and preparation for the debate.   Our analysis of this rhyme, rhythm,  poetic devices, epic similes, all tell us  

About the greatness of Milton s poetry  written in grand style, Miltonic grand style.   We have some references which will help you  further to understand this poem much more.   These are the references. Allusion as a Mode of  Thinking in Paradise Lost is very interesting  

To see. How Milton deliberate, deliberately  suppressed the name of Prometheus, Milton Milton   s Satan is like Prometheus. Prometheus brought  fire from heaven to the earth for human beings and   similarly Satan enabled human beings to eat that  fruit, forbidden fruit and get that knowledge,  

Wisdom or knowledge of the difference between good  and evil or innocence and experience. So that kind   of understanding you can have better from in  a study of Allusion as a Mode of Thinking in   Paradise Lost and many you have; multiple sources,  just a few we have mentioned. Thank you.

#John #Milton

The Birth of Jesus Christ | Christmas Story for Kids | Animated Children’s Bible Stories Holy Tales

This is the story of how Jesus Christ the Saviour of the world was born the story begins in a place called Nazareth Nazareth was a quiet sleepy little town where most people were farmers and shepherds in this town there lived a young  Jewish woman named Mary

She was a very obedient  and God fearing woman she helped her parents in the field and did her chores in the house she was kind and helpful to everyone and people liked her very much Mary was going to get married soon to a good and honest man named Joseph

A few days before Mary’s engagement she had a visitor he was a very special guest an angel sent by God from heaven the holy angel Gabriel visited her in her room and called her in her sleep when Mary opened her eyes

She saw a heavenly figure bathed in a pool of white light floating beyond her window it wore bright white robes and had big silver wings fluttering behind him at first she thought she was dreaming but later when she heard the angels voice she realised this was no dream Mary do not be afraid

I am Gabriel God has sent me to you he loves you and you have been chosen for something very special your kind heart and pure soul is of great value to the Lord you are fortunate that God has chosen you above everyone else for this special task I’m not afraid

I’m honour to know that God has chosen me to carry out his wish I am lucky to be a favour to God bless you Mary God is pleased with you I have come to tell you that soon you will have a son

He will be a great King one day and he will be loved by everyone he will be called the son of God Mary was at first shocked at what Gabriel had to say however she remained calm and listened to everything that the angel had to say then she spoke to Gabriel

But how was this possible I’m not yet married do not be afraid Mary the Spirit of the Lord will take over you and you will be blessed with a son he will be called the Son of God he will do great things for the people

He will be hailed as the king of  Jews and the Savior of mankind I’m grateful for whatever the Lord has done for me I’m happy to have as a wish come true through me the Lord is with you Mary you are blessed go in peace

Gabriel then left the house of Mary and returned to heaven in a few days Mary became pregnant in those days it was very unusual for a girl to become pregnant before marriage however Mary explained everything to Joseph about the angel and God’s wish and the son they were going to have

Joseph was a good man and he accepted everything he married Mary in a few days in those days the king of the land announced a census he wanted every citizen of his country to be counted and documented since Joseph was actually from Bethlehem he had to go there to be counted

Bethlehem was a long way from Nazareth Joseph and Mary had a long and difficult journey ahead to Bethlehem there were no cars or other means of transportation except for a donkey the whole journey had to be made by foot Mary sat on a donkey and Joseph walked behind them

It was even more difficult for Mary since  she was going to give birth to her baby after many many days of walking through the desert Joseph and Mary finally reached Bethlehem it was getting very dark when they reached the town they desperately needed a place to rest and spend the night

But all the inns were full and nobody  would give them space to spend the night Joseph walked all over the town knocking at the doors of houses and shops one after the other but nobody would allow them to come in Mary was about to give  birth and it was important

That she had a safe and comfortable place for the baby and herself Joseph and Mary kept feeling hopeless after searching for a while Joseph found an empty barn built for cows there was plenty of fresh straw there Joseph used the straw and managed to make a bed for Mary

Later in the night something magical happened Mary gave birth to a beautiful baby boy Joseph made a small bed of fresh straw in the manger and laid him there it was warm and comfortable and  the baby slept happily in the manger Mary was happy that the predictions of the Angels had come true

Jesus Christ the Savior of this world was born in a humble manger that same night while Joseph and Mary were looking for a place to stay the night not very far away two shepherds were out looking for their sheep on a hill

suddenly they were blinded by a bright light from the sky they opened their eyes to find a beautiful angel in front of them with long golden hair and silver wings she wore a shimmering white and gold dress which sparkled in the moonlight

The Shepherd’s did not know how to react and were amazed then the angel spoke to them do not be afraid I have come to give you good news tonight in the town of Bethlehem a baby boy has been born his name is Jesus

He will be known as a Savior of the world you will know it is Jesus when you see a baby boy wrapped in the clothes in the manger go to the world’s and just everybody know of this happy news let everybody know that Jesus the Savior of the Jews was born today

Go in peace now and spread the good news the shepherds were happy and shocked at the same time they were overjoyed at the fact that a Savior was born and they ran towards Bethlehem to find baby Jesus

The king of the Jews who had been born in a humble manger when they eventually found the baby in the manger in Bethlehem they praised him and bowed down in worship on the night that Jesus was born three wise men were travelling on their camels across the desert

Suddenly their felt a flash of light come down on them they looked up at the sky and they saw a bright star it was a kind of star that they had never seen before the three wise men were aware of the prophecy of Jesus

They were waiting for the Star of Bethlehem to appear and when they saw it they were overjoyed it meant that the Savior of the world and the king of the Jews was born at the time of Jesus birth the country was under the rule of King Herod

Who was a very selfish and evil king when the three wise men informed King Herod of the star they had seen in the sky in what it meant King Herod was worried that he would lose his kingdom to this baby boy

He told the Wise man to find the baby Jesus and let him know where the baby was although the king informed the wise men that he wanted to find the baby so he could go and worship Him Herod was actually plotting to kill the child

He feared that Jesus would grow up to overpower him someday the three wise men followed the star for several days and found baby Jesus in the manger they were surprised to find the future king of Jews lying in a barn

They found the barn in which Jesus was born a few days after he was born finally the star stopped right over the manger they smiled at Mary and bowed down in reverence to the new baby they had brought gifts of gold frankincense and myrrh for the baby

These were very valuable gifts and only given to Kings it was highly unusual for anybody to give these precious things to a newborn baby however this was no ordinary baby and the wise men fully understood the purpose of Jesus’s birth and so now you know the story of Christmas

And how the mighty Savior of the world started his journey on earth the story shows us that great things can have small and humble beginnings

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