Philosophy Pop: 5 mins on Problem of Evil

Hi everyone it’s Aimee here from the blog I Think Therefore I Teach   welcome to your next pop of Philosophy this   five minute summary is going to go over the topic of the problem of  

Evil so let’s get my timer started I do like this topic so let’s see if I   can do it here we go start okay the easiest way to deal with   this topic is to break into three main sections the first section is the  

Logical aspects of the problem of evil so this is questions how does evil   actually exist where do we get the problem from and this problem comes   about and is summarized by Epicurus and later termed the inconsistent triad by  

J. L Mackie and the inconsistent triad is the idea of if   God is all-powerful then he just must not want to stop evil   therefore he’s not all loving if he’s all loving and he just can’t   stop evil then he can’t be all powerful but if God  

Is all powerful and all loving then why does evil exist   and these form what is known as the inconsistent   triad because they do not go together they are inconsistent   and so this is known as the logical aspects because logically  

How can God be all loving and all-powerful and evil   exist the next part of this topic is the theodicies   these are presented by St. Augustine and John Hick   St. Augustine presented the theodicy theodicy meaning justification of God   with evil in the world he presents the idea that rebellious  

Angels and Adam and Eve are what corrupted and destroyed God’s perfect   paradise so God created everything in absolute perfect and said   do not touch the apple he laid that one rule down   so that free will stood and said do not touch from that tree  

And what Adam and Eve did was Eve took the apple gave it to   Adam and they ate the apple this then corrupted and destroyed the perfect   harmony because they broke that covenant they broke that   promise with God and so that moral evil of turning their backs on God  

And breaking a promise brought in that natural evil   so natural evil is a result of the moral evil Adam and Eve did so why is it   around today you ask it’s because we are seminally present in Adam and Eve we are  

All the bloodline of Adam and Eve so we therefore deserve punishment for what   our ancestors did so natural evil is a punishment and a   result of moral evil and therefore God is not responsible but   is not responsible to stop and do something  

For something that he did not create or bring in the other area of Augustine is   this idea of a privation evil is a privation   it is where something is lacking goodness is lacking   so evil is a privation or an absence of good you cannot create an  

Absence you can’t create a lack of something it is   where a lack of goodness is which is what happens when you bring your moral   evil you turn your back on God bringing in other evils into the world   we then have John Hick which is a new modern take on  

Irenaeus’s theodicy and what John Hick gives   in Irenaean light is that we are made in the   image of God and move into the likeness and when we’re made in the image of God   based around that quote in Genesis we are made in the image of God  

But we are spiritually immature we’re like rebellious children   we are trying to find our way and we therefore make a lot of mistakes but   we’re trying through being tested and challenged to move into that   likeness that relationship and that oneness with God  

And so what happens is when we make mistakes it’s because like Adam and Eve   they were not mature enough to make that decision and so what happens is   we are we are punished and we are tested and so evil is a test to  

Help us learn how we should behave and for Augustine   this world is soul deciding in that what happens to the fate of your soul heaven   or hell is designed in this world whereas for John Hick through Irenaeus  

This idea that this is the veil of soul making our souls are made   developed nurtured in this world through those   trials and those tests and John Hick was very different from   Irenaeus as John Hick believed everybody eventually would go to heaven  

Some through purgatory Irenaeus did not believe this he believed that hell was   still necessary for people that turned their backs completely on God   and in Against Heresies he presents the idea of the potter and the clay  

God is the potter we are the clay if you turn your back on God   you let yourself go dry to God then and and   you do not let God’s hands mould you and guide you through these tests  

Then and then you you’ll end up in hell for not accepting God’s help   that he gives you how am I doing for time one more minute   left so a few extra names that you could bring into this topic you have a few  

Supporters of free will free will is the issue if we didn’t have   free will then we wouldn’t be able to do moral evils   bringing in natural evil but we have free will because free will is important   and why is free will important John Hick says  

That we have to be free to love God love cannot be forced if God just said   no you are all going to just love me follow me and I’m going to give you no   free will why would God want that no with free  

Will though comes that chance of disobeying and turning away from him   and so we have to be free to love God and this is presented by John Vardy’s   peasant girl idea story and where he talks about the peasant girl  

Falls in love with no sorry the king falls in over the peasant girl he can force her to   marry him but not to love him similarly we have people like   Swinburne that says if God was constantly intervening in our lives  

It’d like an over protective parent every time we fall over he picks us up   and therefore again free will would be diminished because we think oh well God   does exist because he constantly comes and   helps us out somebody against free will though is Dostoyevsky  

That is time I’ll just finish that point off a   critic against free will is Dostoyevsky he’s the one that argues that free will   comes at too high a price he would rather not have it and so he   presents the story of a servant boy that was playing with  

The master of the houses dogs he’s running around with them and one of the   prize hunting dogs breaks its leg and therefore it is no good to the master of   the house and so is punishment to the boy he takes the boy’s  

Clothes off and makes him run out into the field while his parents watch   the child being mauled to death by the other dogs now   whether this story has a truth or is based on something that he heard or   something that actually was true from his day  

And we don’t really know but as far as the story itself he’s   saying that these horrible horrible horrible things happen in the world what   we do to one another because we have free will   and you just rather not have it it comes at too high a price  

When we see how people treat one another and don’t forget in this question as   well to always bring in what’s happening in the world   give recent specific examples and and this is known as the evidential   part so always give examples of things that happen in the  

World that could show the problems that we have with evil right   folks thank you very much for watching if you’ve   liked this give me a little like and hopefully you do find it useful and   don’t forget to subscribe as well so that you always keep up to date  

With all the latest videos thanks very much guys bye for now

#Philosophy #Pop #mins #Problem #Evil

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