Leviticus 16 | The Day of Atonement | Bible Study

This is Spoken Gospel. We’re dedicated to seeing Jesus in all of scripture. In each episode, we see what’s happening in a Biblical text and how it sheds light on Jesus and his gospel. Let’s jump in. In most English literature, the climax of a story comes near the end.

But in Hebrew literature, which is what the Old Testament is, the main point often comes in the middle. The middle point of Leviticus is the Day of Atonement. And since Leviticus is the middle book of the Torah, this chapter is the middle of the middle.

The Day of Atonement is so important because that is the day a human got to go into God’s presence in the Holy of Holies. This is the center of the tabernacle, behind the innermost veil, where God’s actual presence was. There are two main sacrifices made on this day.

The first is a bull for the priest’s sins and the cleansing of the tabernacle. Its blood is brought into the Holy of Holies behind the veil and put on the mercy seat, which is like God’s kingly footstool. The second sacrifice involves two goats.

One goat is a sin offering for all the people. Its blood is also brought into the Holy of Holies to cleanse it on behalf of all the people’s sins. The second goat was brought in front of the tent where the high priest

Would lay his hands on it and confess the sins of all the people. The goat was then taken outside the city and released into the wilderness, never to return. The picture is a powerful one for the people of Israel. Their sin has literally been taken away from them.

As Christians, we have an even better Day of Atonement because Jesus is our new high priest. What the High Priest had to do every year, Jesus was able to do once for all. Now, we only need one Day of Atonement: The day Jesus died on the cross.

The Day of Atonement brought one priest behind that curtain once a year. But after Jesus died on the cross, the curtain in the temple was torn in two. Jesus’ sacrifice gives eternal access to all who believe. Israel had to be constantly reminded of their

Never-ending problem of sin by this and other rituals. But because Jesus has offered the last and final sacrifice, we can be sure that our sin has been dealt with permanently. That is why we no longer have to practice any sacrifices. It is finished!

So why is this in the middle of Leviticus and in the middle of the Torah? Because one of the Bible’s main points is God’s desire to live with his people. And the Day of Atonement shows us how he makes this possible.

It also tells us that, in Jesus, the cross now sits at the middle of everything we do. I pray that the Holy Spirit would show you the God who makes a way to dwell with us and forgive us. And that he does this finally and fully through

Jesus dying for us on the cross – our once-for-all Day of Atonement.

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